Your key to survival is preparation. Be sure your household is prepared with a Bushfire Survival Plan everyone understands and practice it together.
Have protective clothing ready for everyone in your household.
Review your risks. Using ESA resources, decide if you will Leave Early or Stay and Defend your well-prepared property.
Understand the Fire Danger Rating system and always be aware of the daily Fire Danger Rating.
Stay informed and seek out information. Don't assume you'll receive a warning if a bushfire is near.
Understand the different types of bushfire alerts: bushfire advice message, bushfire watch and act message and bushfire emergency warning.
Understand your level of risk so you can make informed decisions in the event of a bushfire. If you live, work or travel in an Ember Zone or in a Rural Area of the ACT your risk from bushfire will be higher.
Prepare a bushfire survival kit and be sure everyone in your household knows its contents and where it is located.
Be prepared should you need to evacuate and prepare a relocation kit for your household. Make sure everyone is familiar with it's contents and knows where is it located.
Be sure your home and yard are well maintained and prepared for a bushfire.
Make sure your doormats are made of non-combustible materials and will not ignite if a bushfire approaches.
Do not store woodpiles, paper, boxes, crates, hanging baskets and garden furniture near your home.
Prevent burning embers from entering your home - make sure your roof is well maintained, all gaps have been sealed and any damaged or missing tiles are replaced.
Be sure your lawn is mowed regularly, keeping grass short. Ensure your yard is well maintained and kept clear of debris.
Make sure trees and shrubs there are next to your home are maintained. Cutback trees and shrubs that are situated against or overhanging your home. Trim low-lying branches 2 metres from the ground.
Be sure to enclose the open areas under your decks and floors to prevent burning embers from entering your home.
Be sure to keep your roof and gutters clear of any debris that could serve as fuel during a bushfire.
Purchase long hoses to reach the entire house and roof and ensure all fittings are metal not plastic.
If you have a LPG cylinder on your property, be sure the pressure relief valves face outwards (so flame is not directed towards your home).
Use trees and shrubs that are less likely to ignite due to their low oil content when planting around your home and property.
Make sure you have sufficient personal protective clothing and necessary fire-fighting equipment if you have decided to stay and defend your property.
Have a standby water pump, water storage containers and backup power source in case your mains power are cut off
Sign up for the Farm FireWise Program
It is very likely that you’ll lose power during a bushfire. Having a backup generator will allow you to power a water pump to pressurize your system.
Store flammable materials and toxic materials at least 30 metres downwind of other buildings, especially your home. Store flammable items such as paint, woodpiles, petrol, cardboard boxes, paper and petrol away from non-flammable items.
Make sure emergency vehicle can safely access your property so they will be able to assist you in the event of an emergency.
Be sure to supply the ESA with a map of your property, clearly marking access roads.
A home protection zone provides a defendable space for both residents and fight fighters to better protect your assets. Create a Home Asset Protection Zone around your home and property assets.
Know and understand your legal obligations to prevent bushfires from starting or spreading your property.
If you have livestock on your property, plan ahead and prepare a bushfire plan that includes protecting your livestock and fodder.
Maintaining vegetation on your property can produce combustible waste. Ensure that it is disposed of properly to prevent it serving as fuel in the event of a bushfire.
The purpose of a fuel break is to limit the potential spread of a fire by creating a break in the vegetative materials that a fire might travel through.
Keep farm vehicles and machinery in good repair and schedule regular maintenance.
Ensure that all incinerators, chimneys and exhausts have spark guards.
Ensure proper clearance before using welding, cutting and grinding tools. Be sure to have water or a fire extinguisher on hand should a spark ignite.
Ensure fire extinguishers or knapsacks are located throughout your property, in sheds and on machinery. Be sure they are maintained and in working order.
Exercise caution when burning domestic rubbish or disposing of ashes.
Always obtain necessary permits before conducting a burn off and follow the Emergencies Act 2004. On days with a total fire ban, burn offs are dangerous and not permitted. Contact the Rural Fire Service if you have any questions about burn offs.
Be sure to keep basic tools like shovels, rakes and other garden tools. These can be used to smother low flames and to create firebreaks. Have ladders that are long enough to reach your roof and any manholes on your property.
Avoid or reduce use of highly flammable mulch, using highly decomposed organic or non-organic based mulches instead.
Speak to your fellow tenants, body corporate and property manager about ensuring your building is well maintained. Always report anything that needs inspecting or repair.
Find out whether you have a standby water source and power source in case your mains are cut off during a bushfire. Consider speaking to your fellow tenants and building manager about investing in one if you are in a high-risk area.
Know what fire-fighting equipment is available in your building and learn how to operate it. Speak to your fellow tenants and building manager about organising sufficient personal protective clothing and fire fighting equipment in you are in a high-risk area.
Get together with your fellow tenants to plan and understand your building's emergency procedure in case of a bushfire.
Install garage doors with non-combustible materials and seal any gaps around the door
Retrofit external joinery with non-combustible material.
Consider installing a bushfire sprinkler system to help extinguish embers that land on the roof.
Ensure that any gaps in your external wall cladding are sealed with mesh to prevent ember attack.
Seal any gaps in roof cladding and consider installing sarking
Install shutters or shields and Grade A safety glass on windows to block embers.
Retrofit gutters & downpipes with non-combustible materials & install gutter guards.
Consider replacing decking and fencing that is constructed from timber.
Enclose raised flooring with non-combustible material.
Landscape appropriately to create buffer zone around your house and choose fire-resistant plants.
Be ready for ember attack by sealing gaps and installing screens around the house.
Decide ahead of time if the horses will be kept on the property or be relocated in the event of a bushfire.
Identify a 'safe' area on the property where horses can be placed if evacuation is not possible or practical.
Post your plan in a clearly visible place together with the telephone number of the local fire brigade and your property's CFA map reference. It is important to make sure that everyone who lives, works or ageists at your property understands the plan
Prepare an evacuation kit for your horses.
Familiarize yourself with the nearest Evacuation Centres for your horses.
Be a part of a Paddock Plan
Use Fire-safe Gear for Horses
Be prepared to monitor the progress of your horses and to administer appropriate first aid while you are waiting for professional advice.
Horses: Maintain propery around barn
If your fences are electrified, make sure the remainder of fences are ‘horse-proof’, as often power is out during a bushfire.